Minnesota farmers were busy applying chemicals and fertilizer this week with 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 30, 2019, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.
Warmer than normal temperatures over much of Minnesota aided crop development giving crops some much needed heating units.
Topsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 64 percent adequate and 32 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 64 percent adequate and 33 percent surplus.
Nearly all Minnesota corn had emerged this week, 2 weeks behind last year and the 5-year average. Corn condition was rated at 58 percent good to excellent, slightly declining from the previous week.
Soybean emergence reached 95 percent, 2 weeks behind last year and 12 days behind the average. Soybean condition rated 62 percent good to excellent, falling from the previous week.
Eighty-three percent of the spring wheat crop had jointed, 6 days behind average. Spring wheat headed reached 36 percent this week, 6 days behind normal. Spring wheat condition rated 83 percent good to excellent. Oats jointed stretched to 93 percent, only 1 day behind the average. Oats headed were 53 percent complete, 5 days behind normal. A few reports were received of oats turning color given the heat-up towards the end of the week. Oat condition rated 71 percent good to excellent, improving from the previous week. Barley jointed was 92 percent, 3 days ahead of the average, while barley headed reached 36 percent. Barley condition rated 79 percent good to excellent.
Dry edible bean emergence reached 96 percent, 1 week behind average. Limited reports of dry edible beans starting to bloom were received this week. The first condition rating of the season for dry edible beans was 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 15 percent excellent. Sunflower condition rated 81 percent good to excellent, improving from the previous week. Potato condition rated 96 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet condition was rated 81 percent good to excellent.
The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 87 percent complete, 2 days behind last year and 1 day behind the 5-year average. The second cutting of alfalfa hay kicked off this week and had progressed to 5 percent, 9 days behind normal. All hay condition rated 77 percent good to excellent, improving from the previous week. Pasture condition rated 71 percent good to excellent.