All cattle and calves in Minnesota as of January 1, 2018, totaled 2.35 million head, according to the latest USDA, National
Agricultural Statistics Service – Cattle report. This was down 2 percent from January 1, 2017. Beef cows, at 365,000 head, were
down 1 percent from last year. Milk cows, at 455,000, were also down 1 percent from last year.
All heifers 500 pounds and over, at 565,000 head, were up 2 percent from last year. Heifers for beef cow replacement were up
5,000 head at 100,000 head; heifers for milk cow replacement, at 290,000 head, were down 2 percent from the previous year; and all other heifers were up 6 percent to 175,000 head.
Steers weighing 500 pounds and over were down 5 percent from last year to 475,000 head. Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over were unchanged at 35,000 head. Calves under 500 pounds on January 1, 2018, totaled 455,000 head, down 7 percent from last year.
The 2017 calf crop was estimated at 790,000 head, down 1 percent from last year. Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots on January 1, 2018, totaled 395,000 head, up 5 percent from one year ago.